Loreto Spá Arquitectos holds a master’s degree in Bioclimatic and Sustainable Architecture from the School of Architecture of the Polytechnic University of Madrid, in order to contribute our knowledge to the projects we design.
The optimization of natural resources is one of the bases of sustainable architecture and bioclimatic architecture is to design buildings taking into account the climatic conditions of its location, and taking advantage of available resources (sun, vegetation, rain, winds). All this, to reduce the environmental impact, and trying to reduce energy consumption.
Projects that follow bioclimatic criteria are integrated into the place where they are located, adapting physically and climatically to their surroundings. The materials used, the colors and the constructive solutions are evaluated from a perspective of energy saving, but also of adaptation to the environment. And all this without forgetting the aesthetic level.
Bioclimatic architecture is not simply a type of architecture. It is a philosophy. It is a continuous and cyclical process, which begins with the initial idea of the project, passing through its physical realization during construction and ends when its useful life is over, to start all over again.
Therefore, there is no prototype for a bioclimatic house or dwelling. It depends on factors that vary greatly, such as geographical conditions, construction solutions and materials.
When designing a bioclimatic building there are a series of aspects that are applicable to all cases:
Bioclimatic architecture, therefore, is to design houses according to orientations, materials or window openings, among other elements. The objective? To achieve maximum energy efficiency.
It is one more form of sustainable architecture. An architecture that coexists with the environment, both physically and climatologically, and adapts to it. It goes beyond the design of the building, with the location being a key aspect. Not only does it take advantage of natural resources, but its design depends on them to achieve thermal comfort.